Test Bank for Fundamentals Of Nursing 10th Edition Potter

Test Bank for Fundamentals Of Nursing 10th Edition Potter

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Edition: 10th Edition

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Test Bank for Fundamentals Of Nursing 10th Edition Potter

Fundamentals of Nursing 10th Edition Potter Perry Test Bank
Chapter 1. Nursing Today
MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. Contemporary nursing practice is based on knowledge generated through nursing theories.
Florence Nightingales theory introduced the concept that nursing care focuses on:
1 Psychological needs
2 A maximal level of wellness
3 Health maintenance and restoration
4 Interpersonal interactions with the client
ANS: 3
Florence Nightingale believed the role of the nurse was to put the client’s body in the best state in
order to remain free of disease or to recover from the disease.
Although Florence Nightingale may have addressed meeting the psychological needs of her
clients, it is not the focus of her theory. The goal of Nightingales’ theory is to facilitate the body’s
reparative processes by manipulating the client’s environment.
Florence Nightingale thought the human body had reparative properties of its own if it was cared
for in a way to recover from the disease. Her theory did not focus on achieving a maximal level of
wellness.
Florence Nightingale believed the nurse was in charge of the client’s health. Although she
interacted with her clients by reading to them, her theory of nursing care did not focus upon
interpersonal interactions.
DIF: A REF: 2 OBJ: Knowledge
TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment
MSC: NCLEX test plan designation: Safe, Effective Care Environment/Coordinated Care
2. Nursing education programs in the United States may seek voluntary accreditation by the
appropriate accrediting commission council of the:
1 National League for Nursing
2 American Nurses Association
3 Congress for Nursing Practice
4 International Council of Nurses
ANS: 1
The National League for Nursing (NLN) is a professional nursing organization concerned with
nursing education. The NLN provides accreditation to nursing programs that seek and meet the
NLN accreditation requirements.
The American Nurses Association (ANA) is concerned with the nursing profession and issues
affecting health care, including standards of care.
The Congress for Nursing Practice is the part of the ANA concerned with determining the legal
aspects of nursing practice, the public recognition of the importance of nursing, and the impact
of trends in health care on nursing practice.
The International Council of Nurses (ICN) is concerned about issues of health care and the
nursing profession, including the provision of an international power base for nurses.
DIF: A REF: 8 OBJ: Knowledge
TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment
MSC: NCLEX test plan designation: Safe, Effective Care Environment/Coordinated Care
3. The minimum educational requirement for a nurse practitioner is:
1 Diploma in nursing
2 Masters in nursing
3 Doctorate in nursing
4 Baccalaureate in nursing
ANS: 2
A master’s degree in nursing is required to become a nurse practitioner.
Diploma programs in nursing require 3 years of education after which the graduate may become
a registered nurse, but not a nurse practitioner.
Doctoral programs focus on the application of research findings to clinical practice. The doctoral
a degree is beyond the master’s degree.
The baccalaureate degree program generally requires 4 years of study in a college or university,
after which the graduate may become a registered nurse, not a nurse practitioner.
DIF: A REF: 8 OBJ: Knowledge
TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment
MSC: NCLEX test plan designation: Safe, Effective Care Environment/Coordinated Care
4. A group that lobbies at the state and federal level for advancement of nursing role, economic
interest and health care is the:
1 State Board of Nursing
2 American Nurses Association
3 American Hospital Association
4 National Student Nurses Association
ANS: 2
The American Nurses Association (ANA) hires lobbyists at the state and federal level to promote
the advancement of health care and the economic and general welfare of nurses.
State Boards of Nursing primarily focus on licensure of nurses within their own state.
The American Hospital Association does not focus on nurses economic issues and the
advancement of the role of nurses.
The National Student Nurses Association focuses on issues of importance for nursing students.
DIF: A REF: 8 OBJ: Comprehension
TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment
MSC: NCLEX test plan designation: Safe, Effective Care Environment/Coordinated Care
5. A nurse moves from Seattle to Boston and begins working in a hospital. The most important
factor for the nurse to consider when moving to another state is the:
1 Massachusetts Nurse Practice Act
2 Standard for nursing practice in Boston
3 Clinical ladder of mobility in the new hospital
4 Requirement for continuing education units (CEU) in
Massachusetts
ANS: 1
Although most states have similar practice acts, each individual state has its own Nurse Practice
Act that regulates the licensure and practice of nursing within that state. Knowledge of the Nurse
Practice Act is necessary to provide safe and legal nursing care.
Standards of nursing practice are not specific to a city, but rather to the profession itself.
Although the clinical ladder of mobility may be of interest in regard to professional
advancement, it is not the most important factor when practicing nursing in another state.
Knowledge of the Nurse Practice Act in order to provide safe and legal nursing care is of higher
importance.
Regardless of where a nurse practices, the nurse should strive to remain current.
DIF: C REF: 8 OBJ: Analysis
TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment
MSC: NCLEX test plan designation: Safe, Effective Care Environment/Coordinated Care
6. A nurse is caring for a client who has chronic renal failure. The nurse states, We will do
everything possible to return you to the optimum level of self-care possible. In coordinating an
approach to best meet the needs of this client, the nurse is fulfilling the role of:
1 Manager
2 Educator
3 Counselor
4 Communicator
ANS: 1
The nurse, in caring for this client, will coordinate the activities of other members of the health
care team. This client may require the assistance of a nursing assistant to provide personal care
until the client is less fatigued. A nutritionist may be necessary for diet evaluation, planning, and
teaching. A nurse may provide education on the dialysis therapy and perform the skill necessary
until the client is able to do so independently.
The nurse may include patient teaching in the clients care, but more is required to meet the needs
of this client.
The nurse is not performing in the role of counselor.
Clear communication will be necessary for the client to understand self-care measures regarding
dialysis. The role of communicator does not, however, entirely meet the clients physical needs at
this time.
DIF: A REF: 10 OBJ: Comprehension
TOP: Nursing Process: Planning
MSC: NCLEX test plan designation: Safe, Effective Care Environment/Coordinated Care

 

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