Nutrition Through the Life Cycle 4th Edition By by Judith E. Brown – Test Bank
Test Bank for Chapter 4 – Nutrition during Pregnancy
Key to question types: F = fact-based; A = application; L, M, H = low, medium, high difficulty
Answer Page #
c, F, L 88-89 1. A pre-term birth rate is defined as
a. births <30 weeks gestation/100 live births.
b. births <34 weeks gestation/100 live births.
c. births <37 weeks gestation/100 live births.
d. births <40 weeks gestation/100 live births.
e, F, L 89 2. The reduction in the U.S. infant mortality rate over the past 20 years has been:
a. increasing at a RAPID rate.
b. increasing at a SLOWER rate than the historical infant mortality rate reductions.
c. due to technological advancements.
d. LARGELY due to high levels of medical care.
e. both b and c
b, A, M 90 3. Approximately how many infants who die within the first year of life die within the first month after birth?
c, F, M 90 4. Infants weighing _____ are least likely to die within the first year of life.
a. 5 lbs 11 oz to 6 lbs 5 oz
b. 6 lbs 10 oz to 7 pounds 2 oz
c. 7 lbs 12 oz to 10 lbs
d. 8 lbs 8 oz to 10 lbs 2 oz
a, F, L 94 5. The preferred source of fuel for the fetus is _____.
b. fatty acids
d, F, H 94-95 6. In the second maternal phase, which statement is NOT correct about hormones and carbohydrate metabolism?
a. Rising levels of hCS and prolactin from the pituitary inhibit the conversion of glucose to glycogen and fat storage.
b. Insulin resistance builds and increases the reliance on fats for energy.
c. Estrogen and progesterone levels continue to increase and stimulate insulin production.
d. hCG levels increase to a greater extent than in the first phase and stimulate conversion of glucose to glycogen and fat stores.
c, F, M 95 7. The change in lipid blood levels that occurs during pregnancy can best be explained in this way: _____.
a. cholesterol and triglyceride levels decrease due to the increased water volume in the blood
b. cholesterol and triglyceride levels remain the same as pre-pregnancy levels
c. cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase dramatically from pre-pregnancy levels
d. cholesterol and triglyceride levels fluctuate daily and depend on when the fetus is building nerve cells
e, F, M 96 8. All of the following substances are transported through the placenta easily, with the exception of _____, which is not transferred at all.
b, F, L 97 9. When cell size increases due to an accumulation of protein and lipids, the increase is characterized as _____.
b, A, M 98 10. A critical period of neural tube development following conception is:
a. 1-2 weeks after conception.
b. 3-4 weeks after conception.
c. 5-6 weeks after conception.
d. 7-8 weeks after conception.
e. 9-10 weeks after conception.