Test Bank For Fundamental of Nursing 8th Edition By Potter RN MSN PhD FAAN

Test Bank For Fundamental of Nursing 8th Edition By Potter RN MSN PhD FAAN

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Edition: 8th Edition

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Resource Type: Test bank

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Test Bank For Fundamentals of Nursing 8th Edition By Potter RN MSN Ph.D. FAAN

Chapter 1 Nursing Today Fundamental of nursing

MULTIPLE CHOICE

  1. The first practicing nurse epidemiologist was
a. Florence Nightingale.
b. Mildred Montag.
c. Clara Barton.
d. Mary Agnes Snively.

ANS: A

Nightingale was the first practicing nurse epidemiologist. Her statistical analyses connected poor sanitation with cholera and dysentery. Mildred Montag, Clara Barton, and Mary Agnes Snively came after Nightingale, each contributing to the nursing profession in her own way. Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross. Dr. Mildred Montag established the first associate degree nursing program in 1952. Mary Agnes Snively began forming the Canadian National Association of Trained Nurses in 1883.

DIF: Remember REF: 2

OBJ: Discuss the historical development of professional nursing roles.

TOP: Assessment MSC: Teaching/Learning

  1. The American Red Cross was founded by
a. Florence Nightingale.
b. Harriet Tubman.
c. Clara Barton.
d. Mary Mahoney.

ANS: C

In 1882, the United States ratified the American Red Cross, founded by Clara Barton. Florence Nightingale established the Training School for Nurses in London, England, in 1860. Harriet Tubman was active in the Underground Railroad movement during the American Civil War. Mary Mahoney was the first professionally trained African American nurse.

DIF: Remember REF: 2

OBJ: Discuss the historical development of professional nursing roles.

TOP: Assessment MSC: Teaching/Learning

  1. Nurses working in the Henry Street Settlement in 1893 were among the first nurses to demonstrate autonomy in practice. This was because those nurses
a. Had no ability to work in the hospital setting.
b. Were required to use critical thinking skills.
c. Focused solely on healing the very ill.
d. Planned their care around research findings.

ANS: B

In 1893, nurses working in the Henry Street Settlement were some of the first to demonstrate autonomy in practice because they encountered situations that required quick and innovative problem solving and critical thinking, and provided therapies aimed at maintaining wellness, as well as curing the ill. Nursing hospitals expanded in the late nineteenth century and were major providers of nursing care. Not until the early twentieth century was there a movement toward a scientific, research-based body of nursing knowledge.

DIF: Understand REF: 2

OBJ: Discuss the historical development of professional nursing roles.

TOP: Assessment MSC: Teaching/Learning

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