Test Bank For Abnormal Psychology An Integrative Approach 5th Edition by Barlow
1. What is the most notable contribution of Clarence Hincks?
a. He argued that mental illness is treatable with a combination of drugs and individualized attention.
b. He argued that mental illness was incurable but more humane institutions were needed to care for the mentally ill.
c. He argued that mental illness was caused by brain pathology and, therefore, was incurable and that therapy should consist of learning to cope with symptoms.
d. He argued that mental illness was treatable, which was contrary to the prevailing view at the time.
2. Who is the concept of a “hierarchy of needs” most closely associated with?
a. Carl Rogers
b. Anna Freud
c. Abraham Maslow
d. Carl Jung
3. The concept of hysteria traditionally meant physical symptoms for which no organic pathology could be found. Which of the following terms is now used to refer to this concept?
b. anxiety disorders
d. somatic symptom disorders
4. Trent is in psychoanalysis and states to his therapist that he thinks that his wife is considering having an affair with her co-worker. Later on in the session, Trent admits that he is tempted to start an affair with his own co-worker. What defence mechanism was Trent displaying when he accused his wife of thinking about being unfaithful?
5. According to psychoanalytic theory, what is the role of the ego?
a. to counteract the aggressive and sexual drives of the id
b. to maximize pleasure and reduce tension
c. to mediate conflict between the id and the superego
d. to increase self-esteem and a strong sense of identity
6. What was Erikson’s greatest contribution to psychoanalytical theorizing?
a. his idea that development occurs across the life span
b. his idea that sexual arousal and interest occur during the latency stage
c. his idea that societal factors influence our behaviour
d. his idea that intrapsychic conflicts are resolved in early childhood
7. According to psychoanalytic theory, the id operates according to the pleasure principle. What does that mean?
a. It utilizes secondary-process thinking.
b. It thinks in an unemotional, logical, and rational manner.
c. It is sexual, aggressive, selfish, and envious.
d. It adheres to social rules and regulations.
8. After graduation, two of your friends express an interest in psychology careers. Carl wants to work with relatively healthy individuals who are experiencing adjustment or vocational difficulties. Anna wishes to focus on the more severe psychological disorders and conduct research into their causes. Because you are studying abnormal psychology, they ask you for career advice. What do you tell them?
a. Carl should study psychology at the graduate level, and Anna should apply to medical school.
b. Carl should study clinical psychology at the graduate level, and Anna should study counselling psychology at the graduate level.
c. Both of them should apply to medical school.
d. Anna should study clinical psychology at the graduate level, and Carl should study counselling psychology at the graduate level.